Development Milestones for 2-5 Year Child

What do you need to watch out for?

Growing children need to be monitored for their physical, cognitive and emotional development. Between 2 to 5 years of age, a child progresses from starting to climb the stairs to pedalling a cycle to using the toilet independently.

concerned-about-my-child-growth

A child develops cognitive skills like building blocks, naming colours, counting and drawing figures by the age of 5. Communication begins with speaking sentences with 2 to 4 words, repeating poems to speaking complete sentences. Social development of a child is equally important. Playing with other children, singing, dancing and showing a whole range of emotions is the hallmark of normal growing up.

dietary-guidelines-for-indians

When to talk to your doctor?

It would be prudent to bring it to the notice of your doctor if you find the child beginning to lose the skills he or she once had. For example, at the age of 2 the child does not walk or at the age of 4 he shows no interest in playing with other children.

dietary-guidelines-for-indians

What you can do for your child?

Besides a nutrient-dense diet, you can certainly help in developing your child by interacting with him or her positively. Give your child attention; praise him or her when he or she follows instructions; encourage him or her to socialise with other children, give him or her toys and puzzles that make him or her think, play his or her favourite music and encourage him or her to read.

concerned-about-my-child-growth

Diet for a Growing Child

Childhood is the most critical time for the growth and development of a child. Children who consume a balanced diet containing all food groups like milk, cereals fruits and vegetables lay the foundation for a healthy and active lifestyle.

How good nutrition helps in development

Nutrients Importance
Macronutrients (Proteins, Fats and Carbohydrates) 1. Helps in growth & development.
2. Are a major source of energy
3. Keeps the child active and energized.
Vitamins and Minerals Help in supporting body functions
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A
Important for your child’s eyesight and helps in building immunity.
Vitamin D Promotes development of strong bones and teeth.
Vitamin E Protects the child’s tissues from damage and important for healthy red blood cells.
Vitamin K Vitamin K helps the blood clot in case the child has a cut or wound.
Water Soluble Vitamins
The B Vitamins
This group of Vitamins help in energy formation and manufacture of red blood cells which transfer oxygen to the entire body.
Vitamin C Helps your child resist infection and keeps body tissues, such as gums, bones, and blood vessels in good shape.
Minerals
Calcium
Helps your child develop strong, healthy bones and teeth.
Iron Helps in the formation of haemoglobin contained in the red blood cells which help to transport oxygen in the body.
Potassium Supports the normal functioning of the child’s muscles and nervous system
Zinc Zinc helps build your child’s immune system.